Medicinal Plants of Gor

~Items listed in the dark font are those which do not appear to be referenced in any of the books of Gor. Encourage use of sparingly. They will be changed when suitable evidence of their existance on Gor is available.~

Description ~ A shrub that is thought to be related to the Earthen Coca plant. The plant grows to a height of about seven feet. The branches are straight, and the leaves, which have a lively green tint, are thin, opaque, oval, more or less tapering at the extremities. A marked characteristic of the leaf are multiple divisions bounded by two longitudinal curved lines once on each side of the midrib, and more conspicuous on the under face of the leaf. The flowers are small, and disposed in little clusters on short stalks; five yellowish-white petals, the anthers are heart-shaped.The flowers are succeeded by red berries. 
Area(s) Found ~ Tahari- Desert Regions
Use(s) ~ Roots hold a highly addictive narcotic which may find other uses as a lethal poison. Has an extremely rapid effect. Leaves can be chewed for a milder effect, however should not be swallowed. Good samples of the dried leaves are uncurled, are of a deep green on the upper, and a grey-green on the lower surface, and have a strong tea-like odor; when chewed they produce a faint numbness in the mouth, and have a pleasant, pungent taste. Bad specimens have a camphoraceous smell and a brownish color, and lack the pungent taste.
Reference ~ Most was I surprised to find him holding a tiny, round pipe from which curled a bright wisp of smoke. Tobacco is unknown on Gor, though there are certain vices or habits to take its place, in particular the stimulation afforded by chewing on the leaves of the Kanda plant, the roots of which, oddly enough, when ground and dried, constitute an extremely deadly poison.
~ Priest-Kings of Gor, page 24

Description ~ A deeply rooted shrub with blue roots and a high salt concentration. Probably similar to Earthen Four-Winged Saltbrush, a densely branched semi-evergreen shrub with gray-green narrow leaves. Makes an excellent hedge or barrier in native area because of density and tendency to sucker. Has masses of yellowish seeds in fall which stay on in winter and attract small birds.
Area(s) Found ~ Gorean Deserts – Tahari
Use(s) ~ Used in the preparation of sullage. Potential to extract salt concentration for other uses.
Reference ~...and the salty, blue secondary roots of the Kes shrub, a small, deeply rooted plant which grows best in sandy soil. 
~ Priest Kings of Gor, page 45

Description ~ Perennial that is noted for its gray foliage and purple flower heads with many varieties that grow 2 to 3 feet tall. 
Area(s) Found ~ Temperate.
Use(s) ~ Antidepressant in aromatherapy, lowers blood pressure.
Reference ~ Unknown

Description ~ Annual semi erect herb that grows about 1 m high; stems sparsely hairy at apex. Leaves reduce in size up stems and have a narrow-ovate or triangular shape. Florets are white, 5-toothed, glandular hairy. The family name is derived from the genus Aster and refers to the star-shaped flower head of its members, typified well by the daisy.
Area(s) Found ~ Temperate zones.
Use(s) ~ Topical treatment used against boils. May also be used as hair tonic/alopecia.
Reference ~ Unknown

Description ~ The true lemon tree reaches 10 to 20 feet in height and usually has sharp thorns on the twigs. The alternate leaves, reddish when young, become dark-green above, light-green below; are oblong elliptics and finely toothed, with slender wings on the leafstalk. The mildly fragrant flowers may be solitary or clustered in a pair. Buds are reddish; the opened flowers have 4 or 5 petals, white on the upper surface (inside), purplish beneath (outside), and numerous stamens with yellow anthers. The fruit is oval with a nipple-like protuberance at the apex. The peel is usually light-yellow though some lemons are variegated with longitudinal stripes of green and yellow or white; it is aromatic, dotted with oil glands. The pulp is pale-yellow, in 8 to 10 segments, juicy and acidic. Some fruits are seedless, most have a few seeds, elliptic or ovate, pointed and smooth, with white inside.
Area(s) Found ~ Because of its more or less continuous state of growth, the lemon is more sensitive to cold and has a narrow range of climates it will tolerate. 
Use(s) ~ Slices of lemon are served as a garnish to be squeezed for the flavorful juice. Dishes, such as lemon soup, and desserts can be made from the fruit as well. Lemon juice is widely known as a diuretic, antiscorbutic, astringent, and febrifuge. The sweetened juice is given to relieve gingivitis, stomatitis, and inflammation of the tongue. Lemon juice in hot water has been widely advocated as a daily laxative and preventive of the common cold, but daily doses have been found to erode the enamel of the teeth. Prolonged use will reduce the teeth to the level of the gums. Lemon juice and honey, or lemon juice with salt or ginger, is taken when needed as a cold remedy. Oil expressed from lemon seeds is employed medicinally. The root decoction is taken as a treatment for fever and for gonorrhea. An infusion of the bark or of the peel of the fruit is given to relieve colic. Lemon peel is the source of lemon oil, pectin and citric acid. The thorns of the lemon tree inflict painful punctures and scratches. Lemon peel oil may cause contact dermatitis, chronic in those who handle, cut and squeeze lemons daily. Parts of the body touched by contaminated hands may show severe reactions after exposure to the sun. The wood of lemon trees and its saw-dust may induce skin reactions in sensitive woodworkers. Lemon juice is valued in the home as a stain remover, especially when combined with salt for scouring. Lemon juice has been used for bleaching freckles and is incorporated into some facial cleansing creams. Lemon peel oil is much used in furniture polishes, detergents, soaps and shampoos. It is important in perfume blending and especially in colognes. Petitgrain oil is distilled from the leaves, twigs and immature fruits of the lemon tree, is greatly prized in colognes and floral perfumes. Lemon peel, dehydrated, is marketed as boskfeed. Lemonade, when applied to potted plants, has been found to keep their flowers fresh longer than normal. The wood is fine-grained, compact, and easy to work and exceptionally suited for carving. 
Reference ~ Unknown

Liana Vine
Description ~ A creeping vine.
Area(s) Found ~ Rainforests
Use(s) ~ Water source.
Reference ~ ...Another useful source of water is the liana vine. One makes the first cut high, over one's head, to keep the water from being withdrawn by contraction and surface adhesion up the vine. The second cut, made a foot or so from the ground, gives a vine tube which, drained, yields in the neighborhood of a liter of water....
~ Explorers of Gor, page 310

Description ~ It has a thick and fleshy carrot-shaped root, 5 or 6 inches long of a grayish-brown color on the outside and whitish within. The thick, erect hollow and channeled stems grow 3 or 4 feet or even more in height. The large, dark green radical leaves, on erect stalks, are divided into narrow wedge-like segments, and are not unlike those of coarse-growing celery; their surface is shining. Stems divide towards the top to form opposite whorled branches, which bear umbels of yellow flowers followed by small, extremely aromatic fruits, yellowish-brown in color, elliptical in shape and curved, with three prominent winged ribs. The odor of the whole plant is very strong. Its taste is warm and aromatic, and it abounds with a yellowish, gummy, resinous juice.
Area(s) Found ~ Temperate to sub-tropics. Requires ample space to grow.
Use(s) ~ Every part of the lovage plant is useful: the leaves are a versatile culinary herb, the ground seeds are an aromatic substitute for pepper, the stems may be eaten as a vegetable, and the root makes a tonic tea. Its been figured in countless folk remedies for everything from pinkeye to kidney stones. Put in bath water as a deodorant. The plant is said to help with such medicinal problems as wind, colic, indigestion and sore throats. The plants oil is used in the perfumery industry and in commercial food flavoring. If taken in excess internally it may cause nausea and vertigo. Large doses should never be taken by pregnant woman or by people with kidney disease.
Reference ~ Unknown

Luptus (Menthol Plant aka Coleus)
Description ~ Coleus are prized for their colorful foliage which may combine shades of green, yellow, pink, red and maroon. Coleus vary from smaller types that will reach only 1 foot tall to tall bushy types of 3 feet. Sprawling types suitable for hanging baskets and wall plantings may spread up to 3 feet or more.
Area(s) Found ~ Coleus thrives in full sunshine. Temperate zones.
Use(s) ~ Leaves consumed as antipyretic; against headache, wounds, cough and stomatitis. Drank as a tea, used to alleviate pain or oil dropped into boiling water for vapors to clear head colds.
Reference ~ Unknown

Description ~ This prostrate perennial, with long creeping stems, can soon overcome large areas of desirable turf. The tough, wiry stems root freely at the nodes and give rise to many new plants. Leaves are opposite, wedge-shaped, thick, tooth-like along the edges and rounded at the tip. The purple to white flowers emerge around the tip of the seed stalk forming a match-head appearance. 
Area(s) Found ~ Sub-tropics.
Use(s) ~ Anti-coagulant.
Reference ~ Unknown

Description ~ Marigold plants are stout and branching and can grow up to 60 cm tall. Leaves - finely segmented and fern-like, they are dark green in color and are strongly scented. Flowers vary in color from yellow and gold to orange, red and mahogany.
Area(s) Found ~ They are cultivated all over the world for their decorative and ornamental flowers.
Use(s) ~ Anti-inflammatory, astringent, vulnerary, anti-microbial, bile-producing, menstrual flow hastening, tonic and fever-reducer. Soothes stomach ulcers, relieves menstrual cramps, softens varicose veins, and fights eruptive skin diseases, including shingles. May be safely used wherever there is an inflammation. Also suggested in the treatment of gastric and duodenal ulcers, and for gall bladder problems and indigestion. This herb is remarkably free of any toxic effects.
Reference ~ Unknown

Description ~ It is a perennial herb, with creeping roots, sending up woody stems about a foot high, branched above, often purplish. The leaves are opposite, petiolate, about an inch long, nearly entire hairy beneath. The flowers are in corymbs, with reddish bracts, a two-lipped pale purple corolla, and a five-toothed calyx. There is a variety with white flowers and light-green stalks, another with variegated leaves.
Area(s) Found ~ Temperate to sub-tropics.
Use(s) ~ Marjoram yields about 2 per cent of a volatile oil which is separated by distillation. Its properties are stimulant, carminative, diaphoretic and mildly tonic; a useful emmenagogue. It is so acrid that it has been employed not only as a rubefacient, and often as a liniment, but has also been used as a caustic by farriers. A few drops, put on cotton-wool and placed in the hollow of an aching tooth frequently relieves the pain. In the commencement of measles, it is useful in producing a gentle perspiration and bringing out the eruption, being given in the form of a warm infusion, which is also valuable in spasms, colic, and to give relief from pain in dyspeptic complaints. Externally, the dried leaves and tops may be applied in bags as a hot fomentation to painful swellings and rheumatism, as well as for colic. An infusion made from the fresh plant will relieve nervous headache, by virtue of the camphoraceous principle contained in the oil. 
Reference ~ Unknown

Description ~ Yellowish, red-striped spheres. Melons are annual, trailing herb, with large palmately leaves and bears tendrils, by which they are readily trained over trellises. Flowers (which have bellshaped petals, are either male or female, both kinds being borne on the one plant. The many varieties of melon show great diversity in foliage and still more in the size and shape of the fruit, which in some kinds is as small as an olive, in others as large as a gourd. Some are globular, others egg-shaped, spindle-shaped or serpent-like, the outer skin smooth or netted, ribbed or furrowed, and variously colored; the flesh, white, green or orange when ripe, scented or scentless, sweet or insipid, some bitter and even nauseous. 
Area(s) Found ~ Temperate and warm regions of the world. 
Use(s) ~ Diuretic. The root of the common melon is purgative, and in large doses is said to be a certain emetic. 
Reference~ “Buy melons!” called a fellow next to her, lifting one of the yellowish, red-striped spheres toward me.
~ Tribesmen of Gor, page 45

Needle Tree
Description ~ A pinelike evergreen, characterized by thin, semi-hard leaves that look like needles. Bark is flaky, emitting a distinct piney scent.
Area(s) Found ~ Northern forests
Use(s) ~ Oil of the needles is used in making perfumes. The parts of the tree that are highly medicinal are the needles, inner bark and sap. Needle Tree tea is high in vitamins A and C. Excellent remedy for any ailment having to do with the throat, sinuses, and lungs. A heaping tablespoon of the fresh green needles steeped in boiling water then strained, can be used as an antiseptic gargle for sore throats, or unstrained can be used as an effective steam inhalation for clogged sinuses. Perhaps the most effective way to use needle bark is in a cough syrup. Not only does it work quickly to break up and expel trapped phlegm, it helps kill infection and reduces inflammation in the upper respiratory tract through its natural antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties. A needle-tree bath is excellent for soothing skin conditions such as psoriasis, eczema and open sores. It also serves to reduce some rheumatic pain and other forms of joint discomfort. A pine needle bath is considered stimulating to the body, thus it's not good to soak at night before bed. 
Reference ~ ...and the needle trees, the evergreens, for masts and spars, and cabin and deck planking.
~ Raiders of Gor, page 141

Nutmeg and Mace
Description ~ A large tropical evergreen growing on average to 12 to 20 meters tall. The bark is a dark grey-green which produces a yellow juice which oxidizes to red. It is thickly branched with dense foliage with tough, dark green, oval leaves about 10 cm (4 in) long. It has small, light yellow bell-shaped flowers. The pale yellow fruit is a drupe, grooved like an apricot, splitting along the groove when ripe to expel the seed. Nutmeg is the seed kernel inside the fruit and mace is the lacy covering (aril) on the kernel. When the fruit is harvested the seed is removed, then the mace from the seed. The mace is flattened between boards and the seeds dried until they rattle, when they are shelled.
Area(s) Found ~ It prefers the rich volcanic soils and hot, humid conditions of the tropics.
Use(s) ~ Whole nuts are preferable to ground nutmeg, as flavor deteriorates quickly. Whole nuts will keep indefinitely and can be grated as required with a nutmeg grater. Nutmeg is poisonous and should be used in moderation, a pinch or two is safe. Store both ground and whole nutmeg away from sunlight in airtight containers. Used in small dosages nutmeg can reduce flatulence, aid digestion, improve the appetite and treat diarrhea, vomiting and nausea. Nutmeg’s flavor and fragrance come from oil of myristica, containing myristicin, a poisonous narcotic. Myristicin can cause hallucinations, vomiting, epileptic symptoms and large dosages can cause death. These effects will not be induced, however, even with generous culinary usage.
Reference ~ ..a kort with melted cheese and nutmeg. 
~ Tribesmen of Gor, page 48

Description ~ The olive is an evergreen tree growing to 50 feet in height with a spread of about 30 feet. The graceful, billowing appearance and gnarled branching pattern of the olive tree can be rather attractive. The olive's feather-shaped leaves grow opposite one another. Their skin is rich in tannin, giving the mature leaf its gray-green appearance. The small, fragrant, cream-colored olive flowers are largely hidden by the evergreen leaves and grow on a long stem arising from the leaf axils. The olive produces two kinds of flowers: a perfect flower containing both male and female parts, and a staminate flower with stamens only. The olive fruit is a green drupe, becoming generally blackish-purple when fully ripe. A few varieties are green when ripe and some turn a shade of copper brown. The cultivars vary considerably in size, shape, oil-content and flavor. The shapes range from almost round to oval or elongated with pointed ends. Raw olives contain an alkaloid that makes them bitter and unpalatable. A few varieties are sweet enough to be eaten after sun drying. Olives are long-lived with a life expectancy of 500 years. The trees are also tenacious, easily sprouting back even when chopped to the ground. 
Area(s) Found ~ Tor and Tyros. Olives are subtropical and do best with mild winters and long dry summers. 
Use(s) ~ Olive Oil, the base of many perfumes and medical ointments. Olive oil also lowers bad LDL cholesterol without lowering good HDL cholesterol. Helps keep bad cholesterol from being converted to a toxic or "oxidized" form. Thus, helps protect arteries from plaque. Reduces blood pressure, helps regulate blood sugar. Has potent antioxidant activity. Best oil for kitchen cooking and salads. 
Reference ~ The food, bosk steak and yellow bread, peas and Torian olives, and two golden-brown, starchy Suls, broken open and filled with melted bosk cheese. 
~ Assassin of Gor, p 168

Description ~ No specific Gorean description offered. Onion is an annual herb. All parts of the onion produce a strong odor when crushed. The leaves are long, linear and hollow. The fruit is a spherical capsule, generally white to yellow, comprised of layers with a thin outer skin.
Area(s) Found ~ Temperature climates. Most varieties of onions need to grow their tops in cool weather and to form their bulbs in warmer weather. Onions are very sensitive to daylight and so the amount of light controls the formation of bulbs. Onions are also voraciously hungry; they need manure and fertilizer prior to planting.Use(s) ~ An exceptionally strong antioxidant. Full of numerous anti-cancer agents, especially linked to inhibiting stomach cancer. Thins the blood, lowers cholesterol, raises good-type HDL cholesterol, wards off blood clots, fights asthma, chronic bronchitis, hay fever, diabetes, atherosclerosis and infections. Anti-inflammatory, antibiotic, and antiviral. Onions aggravate heartburn, may promote gas. It has been used as a herbal remedy for centuries in colds, coughs, bronchitis and influenza. Onions are well-known for their easily assimilable iron content, therefore beneficial in treating anemia. It is an effective remedy for cholera also. Onions are highly beneficial in the treatment of the disorders of urinary system. Onions are very effective in bleeding piles. Other uses of this herb are teeth disorders, ear disorders and tuberculosis.
Reference ~ At the oasis, will be grown a hybrid, brownish Sa-Tarna, adapted to the heat of the desert; most Sa-Tarna is yellow; and beans, berries, onions, tuber suls, various sorts of melons, a foliated leaf vegetable, called Katch, and various root vegetables, such as turnips, carrots, radishes, of the sphere and cylinder varieties, and korts, a large brownish-skinned, thick-skinned, sphere shaped vegetable, usually some six inches in width, the interior of which is yellow, fibrous, and heavily seeded.
~ Tribesmen of Gor, page 37

Palm Tree
Description ~ Many varieties, however, the fan palm in particular is more than 20 feet high and spreads its leaves in the form of an open fan. 
Area(s) Found ~ Schendi Jungles
Use(s) ~ Excellent source of pure water. Leaves can be used for fanning and shade in heat-related illnesses as well as for providing minimal shelter from the elements. 
Reference ~ There is an incredible variety of trees in the rain forest, how many I cannot conjecture. There are, however, more than fifteen hundred varieties and types of palm alone. Some of these palms have leaves which are twenty feet in length. One type of palm, the fan palm, more than twenty feet high, which spreads its leaves in the form of an opened fan, is an excellent source of pure water, as much as a liter of such water being found, almost as though cupped, at the base of each leaf's stem.
~ Explorers of Gor, page 310

Description ~ Parsley plants grow in rounded clumps 1 - 3 feet tall. The curly cultivars look dense and compact, while the flat cultivars look more airy. Flat-leaved parsley has dark green, deeply lobed leaves. Curly parsley is deeply lobed and toothed, and looks crinkled. Several varieties are used for garnishing and flavoring purposes, but the moss-curled is the one most commonly grown. Parsley leaves are generally used in the fresh state, but both leaves and roots retain their flavor when dried. 
Area(s) Found ~ Temperate zones.
Use(s) ~ General tonic, bad breath.
Reference ~ Unknown

Description ~ No specific Gorean description offered but for the fact that the Gorean peach is yellow. It is a beefy fruit, with a skin characterized by a covered coverage of hair, a very juicy meat that encloses one or two poisonous seeds inside a great bone. Peach tree leaves are simple, long (3 to 6 inches), fold distinctly inward, and curve downward. The leaves and buds of peach trees look similar to nectarines. The edges of the leaf are finely toothed.
Area(s) Found ~ The peach tree is relatively susceptible to damage by cold temperatures. Grows best in temperate climates.
Use(s) ~ All parts of the peach except the fruit pulp and skin are toxic, containing cyanide-producing substances that may be fatal. The main virtue of the peaches is its wealth in carotenes. It is a not very heavy food for the stomach and helps the liver to carry out the digestive processes by increasing the production of the bile so it favors the digestion of fats. Equally its juice, for its diuretic and acid properties, is ideal to avoid the kidney and/or gallbladder stones or help to its breakup, especially if mixed with honey. Also, peaches have lightly laxative properties so that it can be very effective to prevent constipation. Peaches have a wealth of minerals that helps maintain the body’s water balance, strengthen the nervous system, prevent osteoarthritis and prevent states of anxiety or stress. Many of the properties of the peach are in the skin. Peaches have antivomitive properties , specially appropriate for vomits that take place during the pregnancy. The infusion of dry leaves is effective in the treatment of cough, especially of irritative character. Peach trees leaves , used externally, have beneficial properties for the skin, especially in cosmetics. Masks can be carried out with the pulp of this fruit and will cure dry and dull skins. The tender leaves of a peach tree can be used for the external care of the skin, eliminating spots, pimples and other imperfections 
Reference ~ Another device, common in Port Kar, is for the girl to kneel before the master and put her head down and lift her arms, offering him fruit, usually a larma or a yellow Gorean peach, ripe and fresh. 
~ Tribesmen of Gor, page 27-28

Description ~ The pea is a vine that attaches to a support by tendrils. The vines can grow vertically to six feet tall, forming a dense mat of foliage. There are also low or bush varieties of peas which form a mound on the ground. Peas have pinnately compound leaves with some of the leaflets modified into tendrils. Tendrils aid in the support of the plant. The flower of the pea plant has five petals on this irregular flower; 1 large broad upper "banner" petal, 2 "wing" petals on either side, and 2 lower "keel" petals that are joined to form a canoe shape. Peas grow in a long and slightly curved green pod. Pea seeds are round and light green, and may have a smooth or wrinkled skin. They are generally about the size of a pencil eraser and are quite tender. The pea pods form at the leaf axils of the plant. 
Area(s) Found ~ Temperate to tropic zones.
Use(s) ~ High in protein, magnesium, fat, calcium, iron and vitamin B content. Young green peas in pods cooked in water with a pinch of salt is an excellent accompaniment to alcohol. Because of the high starch content of green peas, eating green peas paste can help heal diarrhea and even dysentery by drying stool up and enhancing intestinal absorption.
Reference ~ I had tarsk meat and yellow bread with honey, Gorean peas, and a tankard of diluted Ka-la-na, warm water mixed with wine.
~ Assassin of Gor, page 87

(Black) Pepper
Description ~ No specific Gorean description offered. Common black pepper, ground into powdery state. The spice is made from the berries of a perennial, climbing vine which may reach heights of 10 meters by means of its aerial roots. It is a branching vine with a smooth, woody, articulate stem swollen at the joints. Its broad, shiny green, pointed , petiolate leaves are alternately arranged. The sessile, white, small flowers are borne in dense, slender spikes of about 50 blossoms each. The berry-like fruits, or peppercorns, are tiny and round. They become yellowish red at maturity and bear a single seed. The odor is penetrating and aromatic; the taste is hot, biting and very pungent.
Area(s) Found ~ Tropics
Use(s) ~ Black pepper has long been recognized as a stimulant to appetite as well as an aid in the relief of nausea. Black pepper is often added to tea as a stimulant and peppercorns are sucked to soothe a sore throat. Key Benefits of black pepper include aiding in digestion, improving the appetite and preventing disease since it is anti-bacterial.
Reference ~ Some of the peppers and spices, relished even by the children of the Tahari districts, were sufficient to convince an average good fellow of Thentis or Ar that the roof of the mouth and his tongue were being torn out of his head.
~ Tribesmen of Gor, page 46

Description ~ Peppermint plants grow to about two feet tall with four-sided stems and clusters of small reddish-violet flowers. The leaves are dark green/purplish, smooth or slightly hairy and with a strong, characteristic aroma. 
Area(s) Found ~ Temperate zones. 
Use(s) ~ Peppermint, a popular flavoring for gum, toothpaste, and tea, also serves as a calming agent to soothe an upset stomach or to aid in digestion. Because it has a calming and numbing effect, it has been used to treat headaches, skin irritations, anxiety associated with depression, nausea, diarrhea, menstrual cramps, and flatulence. It is also widely used to treat symptoms of the common cold. Peppermint oil may help the body break down gallstones. Peppermint oil has exhibited antiviral properties against a number of infectious agents, including herpes. Peppermint, when applied topically, has a soothing and cooling effect on skin irritations caused by hives, poison ivy, or poison oak. Research has shown that peppermint applied to the forehead and temples is favorable in its ability to reduce headache symptoms. Peppermint and its main active agent, menthol, are effective decongestants. Because menthol thins mucus, it is also a good expectorant, meaning that it helps loosen and breaks up coughs with phlegm. It is soothing and calming for sore throats and dry coughs as well. 
Reference ~ On the tray too, was the metal vessel which contained black wine, steaming and bitter from far Thentis, famed for its tarn flocks, the small yellow-enameled cups from which we had drunk the black wine, its spoons and sugars, a tiny bowl of mint sticks, and the softened, dampened cloths on which we had wiped our fingers.
~ Explorers of Gor, page 10

Description ~ No specific Gorean description offered. Plum trees can grow 6 to 12 feet in height. Plum leaves are simple, oval to oblong and come to a point at the end with scalloped edges. Plums have a plump, round shape with a depression at the top where the stem attached. Plum skin is very smooth and shiny, and can be red, purple, or yellow.
Area(s) Found ~ Plums are the most taxonomically diverse of the stone fruits, and are adapted to a broad range of climatic and soil factors. 
Use(s) ~ Like all stone fruits, plum leaves, flowers, and especially seeds and bark contain toxic compounds which generate cyanide, which is of course toxic or lethal in large doses. However, in plant tissues, cyanide is low enough in concentration to be considered therapeutic, particularly for cancer (tumor) treatment. Prunes and prune juice are commonly used as natural laxatives. Phloretin is an antibiotic-like compound found in bark and root extracts; in concentrated form, phloretin can kill certain bacteria.
Reference ~ I was jostled to one side by two men in djellabas. My ankle stung. I had nearly stepped into a basket of plums.
~ Tribesmen of Gor, page 45

Description ~ A small tree, not more than 15 feet high, with pale, brownish bark. The buds and young shoots are red; the leaves opposite, taper with a smooth edge and are thick, glossy and almost evergreen. The flowers are large and solitary, the crimson petals alternating with the lobes of the calyx. The fruit is the size of an orange, having a thick, reddish-yellow rind, an acid pulp, and large quantities of seeds. The dried root bark is found in quills 3 to 4 inches long. It is yellowish-grey and wrinkled outside, the inner bark being smooth and yellow. It has a short fracture, little odor and a slightly astringent taste. 
Area(s) Found ~ Oasis of Red Rock
Use(s) ~ All parts of the tree, the roots, the reddish brown bark, leaves, flowers, rind and seeds, have featured in medicine. The sweet varieties of the fruit are considered a good laxative, while those which are intermediate between sweet and sour are regarded as valuable in the stomach inflammations and heart pain. The juice from the fresh fruit is an excellent cooling beverage for alleviating thirst in cases of fevers and sickness. It acts on the liver, heart and kidneys and tones up their functions. It increases the body's resistance against infections, particularly tuberculosis. The chief value of the pomegranate is its astringent properties which cause cells to shrink-and it is a valuable food medicine for diarrhea and dysentery. The bark, both of the root and the stems of pomegranate tree, is well known for its ability to destroy parasitic worms. A sherbet of the ripe fruit is beneficial in the treatment of typhus, gastric and asthmatic fevers. The root bark is also given to prevent fevers. The skin of the pomegranate fruit is considered highly beneficial in the treatment of anal itching. The skin of the fruit should be roasted till it is brittle and black. It is then powdered and with a little olive oil and applied over the anus. A tablespoonful of seeds, ground into a fine paste can be given along with a cupful of soup to dissolve gravel in kidneys and bladder. Powder of the dry rind mixed with pepper and common salt is applied as a very good tooth paste or powder. Its regular application strengthens the gum, stops bleeding, prevents pyorrhea , cleans the teeth and preserve them for a long time.
Reference ~ "Pomegranate orchards lie at the east of the oasis," I said. "Gardens lie inward. There is even a pond, between two of the groves of date palms."
~ Tribesmen of Gor, page 174

Description ~ Radish plants are grown for their crisp, peppery-tasting roots. Radishes can look similar to beets, but radishes are usually smaller, smoother, and brighter in color. Radishes are typically red and round, but other colorful cultivars include white, pink, or purple. The shape may also vary from round to oblong. Radishes are very fast-growing plants and can be ready for harvest in less than a month. Radish leaves are simple and deeply lobed, often down to the midrib.
Area(s) Found ~ Temperate to Tropic zones.
Use(s) ~ Radish is relishing, an appetizer, eliminates the excessive humor of phlegm, bile and wind in the body, helps in indigestion and refines the voice. The leaves of radish causes urination and eliminates "stones" and plethora. Its flowers eliminate excessive humors of phlegm and bile in the body. The juice extracted from radish mixed with lemon juice when taken, cures stomachache due to flatulation. If tender radish is mixed with sugar or the juice of its leaves mixed with sugar cures acidity. Saltpetre mixed in the juice of radish cures "stones". If the powdered seed of radish is applied on the affected part of the back due to wind and humor, pain is cured. Eating radish and sesame cures swelling. Eating radish on empty stomach causes inflammation in the chest and it stimulates the bile humor. Use of radish during the winter season too is not beneficial.
Reference ~ A great amount of farming, or perhaps one should speak of gardening, is done at the oasis, but little of this is exported. At the oasis, will be grown a hybrid, brownish Sa-Tarna, adapted to the heat of the desert; most Sa-Tarna is yellow; and beans, berries, onion tuber suls, various sorts of melons, a foliated leaf vegetable, called Katch, and various root vegetables, such as turnips, carrots, radishes, of the sphere and cylinder varieties, and korts, a large brownish-skinned, thick-skinned, sphere shaped vegetable, usually some six inches in width, the interior of which is yellow, fibrous, and heavily seeded.
~ Tribesmen of Gor, page 37

Description ~ Dried, sweet grapes.
Area(s) Found ~ Temperate to Sub-Tropics.
Use(s) ~ Raisins are thus an excellent food in all cases of debility and wasting diseases. They are also valuable during convalescence. The raisins with their excess of alkalinity, are helpful in maintaining the acid balance of the body. The free use of raisins is valuable in combating chronic acidosis which generally results from the excessive consumption of meat and cereals. Raisins are highly beneficial in the treatment of constipation. They should be soaked in a glassful of drinking water for 24 to 48 hours. This would swell them to the original size of the grapes. They should be eaten early in the morning, after discarding the stones. The water in which raisins are soaked should also be drunk. If this is taken every morning, will bring excellent results in case of chronic constipation. Raisins can be routinely given even to little infants as an extract in water to help regular bowel action. Six to ten raisins or more, depending on the child's age, can be soaked in boiling water and set aside for a while. When cool, the raisins should be thoroughly crushed to extract their juice into the water. For small children, the liquid could be strained and given so that the skin of the raisins does not upset the stomach. As a rich source of easily assimilable iron, raisins enrich blood. They are thus useful in anemia. Raisins are a good food for those who wish to gain weight. An extract from raisins acts like a medicine in febrile cases i.e. relating to fever. This extract is prepared by soaking raisins in the water and then crushing them in the same water. They are then strained and skin is discarded. The raisin water thus prepared becomes a tonic. A little lime juice added to the extract will enhance its taste and usefulness.
Reference ~ …vulo stew with raisins, nuts, onions, and honey.
~ Tribesmen of Gor, page 45

Description ~ Gor’s version of cotton. The rep plant is a small, reddish, woody bush that produces seed pods where the fibrous matter is found.
Area(s) Found ~ Mostly below Ar and above the equator.
Use(s) ~ Bandages, cloths, etc.
Reference ~ ...Rep is a whitish fibrous matter found in the seed pods of a small, reddish, woody bush, commercially grown in several areas, but particularly below Ar and above the equator; the cheap rep-cloth is woven in mills, commonly, in various cities; it takes dye well and, being cheap and strong, is popular, particularly among the lower castes....
~ Raiders of Gor, page10-11

Description ~ The evergreen leaves of this shrubby herb are about 1 inch long, linear, revolute, dark green above and paler and glandular beneath, with an odour pungently aromatic and somewhat camphoraceous. The flowers are small and pale blue. Much of the active volatile principle resides in their calyces. There are silver and goldstriped varieties, but the green-leaved variety is the kind used medicinally.
Area(s) Found ~ Temperate to tropics.
Use(s) ~ Tonic, astringent, diaphoretic, stimulant. Oil of Rosemary has the carminative properties of other volatile oils and is an excellent stomachic and nervine, curing many cases of headache. It is employed principally, externally in hair-lotions, for its odor and effect in stimulating the hair-bulbs to renewed activity and preventing premature baldness. An infusion of the dried plant (both leaves and flowers) combined with borax and used when cold, makes one of the best hair washes known. It forms an effectual remedy for the prevention of scurf and dandruff. The oil is also used externally as a rubefacient and is added to liniments as a fragrant stimulant. Considered very efficacious against gout in the hands and feet, being rubbed into them vigorously. Drank as a tea or wine, rosemary stimulates circulation and can relieve nervous depression.
Reference ~ Unknown